Robert Beelman

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IEE Research Themes
Affiliate Researcher
Titles and Affiliations
Professor Emeritus of Food Science; Director, Center for Plant and Mushroom Foods for Health

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Recent Publications

Spolar, M.R., Schaffer, E.M., Beelman, R.B. and Milner, J.A.  Selenium-enriched Agaricus bisporus mushrooms suppress 7,12-dimethlybenz(A)anthracene bioactivation in mammary tissue.  Cancer Letters.  138:145-50  (1999).

Comes, J. E., and Beelman, R. B.  Addition of fumaric acid and sodium benzoate as an alternative method to achieve a 5-log reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 populations in apple cider.  J. Food. Protect.  65(3): 476-483 (2002).

Werner, A. W., and Beelman, R. B.  Growing high-selenium edible and medicinal button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus (J. Lge) Imbach) as ingredients for functional foods or dietary supplements.  Int. J. Med. Mush.  4 (2): 194-210 (2002). 

Chikthimmah, N., LaBorde, L. F., and Beelman, R. B.  Critical factors affecting the destruction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple cider treated with fumaric acid and sodium benzoate.  J. Food Sci.  68 (4): 1438-1442 (2003). 

Beelman, R. B., Royse, D., and Chikthimmah, N.  Bioactive components in button mushroom Agaricus bisporus (J. Lge) Imbach (Agaricomycetideae) of nutritional, medicinal, or biological importance (Review).  Int. J. Med. Mush.  5 (4): 321-327 (2003). 

Morawicki, R. O., Beelman, R. B., Peterson, D., Ziegler, G.  Biosynthesis of 1-octen-3-ol and 10-oxo-trans-8-decenoic acid using a crude homogenate of Agaricus bisporus.  Proc. Biochem. 40 (1): 131-137 (2005).

Morawicki, R. O., Beelman R. B., and Peterson, D.  Biosynthesis of 1-octen-3-ol and 10-oxo-trans-8-decenoic acid using a crude homogenate of Agaricus bisporus: Reaction Scale Up.  J. Food Sci.  70 (5): 367-371 (2005).

Chikthimmah, N., LaBorde, L. F., and Beelman, R. B.  Hydrogen peroxide and calcium chloride added to irrigation water as a strategy to reduce bacterial population and improve quality of fresh mushrooms.  Journal of Food Science. 70 (6): 273-278 (2005).

Morawicki, R. O., Beelman, R. B., and Peterson, D.  Recovery and Purification of 10-oxo-trans-8-decenoic acid enzymatically produced using a crude homogenate of Agaricus bisporus.  J. Food Sci. 70 (8): 490-494 (2005).

Weil, D. A., Beelman, R. B., and Beyer, D. M.  Manganese and other micronutrient additions to improve yield of Agaricus bisporus.  Bioresource Technology.  97: 1012-1017 (2006).

Beelman, R. B., and D. J. Royse.  Selenium enrichment of Pleurotus cornucopiea (Paulet)and Grifola frondosa (Dichs.:  Fr.) S. F.  Mush.  Int. J. Med. Mush.  8:77-84 (2006).

Dubost, N. J., Beelman, R., Peterson, D., and Royse, D. J.  Identification and quantification of ergothioneine in cultivated mushrooms by liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy.  Int. J. Med. Mush. 8:215-222 (2006).

Dubost, N. J., Ou, Boxin, and Beelman, R. B.  Quantification of polyphenoes and ergothioneine in clultivated mushrooms and correlation to total antioxidant capacity, Food Chemistry 105. 717-735 (2007).

Dubost, N. J., Royse, D. J., and Beelman, R. B.  Influence of selected cultural factors and postharvest storage on ergothioneine content of common button mushroom Agaricus bisporus (j. Lge) Imbach (Agaricomycetideae).  Int. J. Med. Mush. 9: 163-176 (2007).

Beelman, R.B. and Kalaras, M.D. Methods and Compositions For Improving the Nutritional Content of Mushrooms and Fungi. Provisonal US Patent Application. (2008).

Royse, D. J., Sanchez, J. E., Beelman, R. B., and Davidson, J. Re-supplementing and re-casing mushroom Agaricus bisporus compost for a second crop. World J. Microbiol Biotechnol. 24:319-325 (2008)

Morawicki, R.O. and R.B. Beelman, Study of the Biosynthesis of 1-Octen-3-ol Using a Crude Homogenate of Agaricus bisporus in a Bioreactor. Journal of Food Science 73:135-139 (2008)

Corey ME, Beelman RB & Seetharman K. Potential for Nutritional Enrichment of Whole-Wheat Bread with Portabella Mushroom Powder (Agaricus bisporus (J. Lge) Imbach, Agaricomycetideae). Int. J. Med. Mushrooms 11(2):157-166. (2009)

Estrada AER, Lee HJ, Beelman RB, Jimenez-Gasco MD & Royse DJ. Enhancement of the antioxidants ergothioneine and selenium in Pleurotus eryngii var. eryngii basidiomata through cultural practices. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25(9):1597-1607. (2009)

Kalaras, Michael D., Robert B. Beelman, Michael F. Holick, Ryan J. Elias. 2012. Generation of potentially bioactive ergosterol-derived products following pulsed-ultraviolet light exposure of mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). 2012 Food Chemistry (135) 396-401.

Xu, Tongtong, Robert B. Beelman and Joshua D. Lambert. 2012 The Cancer Preventative Effects of Edible Mushrooms. Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 2012, 12, 1255-1263.

Kalaras, M. D., Beelman, R. B., Elias, R. J.. 2012. Effects of postharvest pulsed UV light treatment of white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) on vitamin D2 content and quality attributes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60 (1) 220–225.[Link]

Weigand-Heller, AuBrei J., Penny M. Kris-Etherton, Robert B. Beelman. 2011. The bioavailability of ergothioneine from mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) and the acute effects on antioxidant capacity and biomarkers of inflammation. Preventative Medicine. December 31, 2011. [Link].

Beelman, Robert B. and Michael D. Kalaras. 2012. Methods and composition for improving the nutritional content of mushrooms and fungi. U.S. Patent No. 8,337,921.

Daniel J. Royse and Robert B. Beelman. 2013. Six Steps to Mushroom Farming. The Pennsylvania State University, College of Agricultural Sciences, University Park, PA 16803. [Link]

Mehrotra A., Calvo M.S., Beelman R.B., Levy E., Siuty J., Kalaras M.D., Uribarri J. Bioavailability of vitamin D2 from enriched mushrooms in prediabetic adults: a randomized controlled trial. European J. of Clinical Nutrition. 2014, 68, 1154–1160.

Feeney M.J., Dwyer J., Hasler-Lewis C.M., Milner J.A., Noakes M., Rowe S., Wach M., Beelman R.B., Caldwell J., Cantorna M.T., Castlebury L.A., Chang S.T., Cheskin L.J., Clemens R., Drescher G., Fulgoni V.L. III, Haytowitz D.B., Hubbard V.S., Law D., Myrdal Miller A., Minor B., Percival S.S., Riscuta G., Schneeman B., Thornsbury S., Toner C.D., Woteki C.E., Wu D. Mushrooms and Health Summit Proceedings. J. Nutr. 2014, 144(7):1128S-36S.

Calvo M.S., Mehrotra A., Beelman R.B., Nadkarni G., Wang L., Cai W., Goh B.C., Kalaras M.D., Uribarri J.  A Retrospective Study in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: Diabetic Risk Factor Response to Daily Consumption of Agaricus bisporus (White Button Mushrooms). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2016. 71, 245-51.

Kalaras M.D, Richie J.P, Calcagnotto A., and Beelman R.B. Mushrooms: A rich source of the antioxidants ergothioneine and Glutathione. Food Chemistry 233: 429–433 (2017).

Beelman R.B., Kalaras M.D., Richie J.P., Micronutrients and Bioactive Compounds in Mushrooms: A Recipe for Healthy Aging?, Nutrition Today. 2019, 54: 16-22. [Link].

Shu Zhang, Yumi Sugawara, Shiuan Chen, Robert B. Beelman, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki, Yasutake Tomata, Sanae Matsuyama and Ichiro Tsuji, Mushroom consumption and incident risk of prostate cancer in Japan: A pooled analysis of the Miyagi Cohort Study and the Ohsaki Cohort Study, International Journal of Cancer. (2019) [Link]

Djibril M Ba, Paddy Ssentongo, Robert B Beelman, Joshua Muscat, Xiang Gao, John P Richie, Jr, Higher Mushroom Consumption Is Associated with Lower Risk of Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies, Advances in Nutrition, 2021;, nmab015,